Tick Bite Symptoms
Some types of ticks, including carriers of Lyme disease, are so small that the parasites often bite and fall off without ever being noticed by the host. Most tick bites produce no symptoms. The bite may cause localized burning, itching and redness. Sometimes, individuals experience pain at the bite site. In some victims, symptoms may not occur until days or weeks after the bite. This time lapse often hinders proper diagnosis if victims develop Lyme disease or other serious bite related illnesses. Microbes transmitted by ticks at the time of a bite might produce one or more serious symptoms, which require medical intervention.
- Fever and flu type symptoms
- Heart palpitations
- Joint pain and swelling
- Nausea and vomiting
- Numbness in the extremity or other bodily area
- Overall weakness
- Paralysis of the extremity
- Skin rash
People often do not notice tick bites because the arachnid secretes a numbing neurotoxin through its saliva. Individuals may experience a reaction to the neurotoxin secreted by the tick at the time of penetration. Though the chemical does not typically produce anaphylaxis symptoms, muscle weakness or paralysis might occur. These symptoms generally subside after removing the offending tick.
Tick Removal and Tick Bite Treatment
Many home remedies for tick removal exist. However, the Center for Disease Control advises that if removed improperly, individuals stand a greater chance of developing infection. With a pair of tweezers, grasp the tick as close to the skin as possible. Flip the tick over and using steady, gentle force, pull the tick without twisting until the entire parasite exits the skin. If removal detaches the tick’s body from the head, seek assistance from a health care provider for treatment.
After removal, physicians recommend keeping the tick taped to a sheet of paper or placed in a container in case the individual develops serious symptoms. Treatment depends on identifying the specific variety of tick. Proper removal leaves a small hole at the tick bite site. Wash the area with soap and water then apply antibiotic cream. Health care providers might suggest taking an antihistamine in the event that itching and redness occurs. Wash hands thoroughly and disinfect the tweezers used for removing the tick.
Tick Extermination and Tick Bite Prevention
Removing brush, leaves and litter helps minimize tick infestations by eliminating natural habitats. Use pest control collars or suggested preventative treatments on pets. Before venturing outdoors, use insecticides containing DEET. Wear long sleeved shirts and tuck pants into boots or shoes. Reducing the amount of exposed skin and preventing access to skin reduces the likelihood of suffering from a tick bite. Professional pest control companies may use biological solutions or acaricides that ensure complete eradication. Browse around the site for further information concerning pest control and elimination.