European Honey Bee Facts
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European Honey Bee Facts
European honey bees, sometimes called the Western honey bee, originated in Europe, Western Asia and Africa. They were introduced to North America in 1622 and are currently spread across all continents except Antarctica. Western honey bees are the most common of the 7-12 species of honey bees worldwide.
All honey bee species are eusocial which means that they create colonies that include a single fertile female called the “queen”, many non-reproductive females which are referred to as “workers”, and a few fertile males called “drones”. Individual colonies can be made up of tens of thousands of bees.
How To Identify European Honey Bees
European honey bees are known for their yellow color and distinctive black stripes across their abdomens. Depending on the type of European honey bee you’ve come across (is it a worker or a drone?), they will range in size from 3/8 to 3/4 of an inch long.
European honey bees have two sets of wings and special hind legs that are used as a pollen basket. Worker bees, always female and always sterile, are equipped with barbed stingers and will sting if provoked.
European Honey Bee Communication
Western honey bees communicate through dance. They communicate information about the distance and the direction of a food source. Through dance they are even able to communicate the circumstances surrounding the food source.
There are three dances that honey bees use: the round dance, the waggle dance, and the shaking signal or jerking dance. The round dance conveys to other hive members that food is within 160 feet of the hive. The waggle dance provides further information about the direction of a food source through its vertical or horizontal moves. After having been given this information through dance by returning honey bees, other bees then use their olfactory senses to find the food source themselves. The shaking signal is quite common in worker communication but also appears during reproductive swarming.
Help With European Honey Bees In Your Home
If you are concerned about European honey bees in your home, please give us a call or fill out the form on this page. PestControlExperts.com is a team of experts who are highly qualified to provide the best recommendations for you and your home, no matter which part of the United States you live in.Call 855-891-5410